Here’s a fascinating article on the decline of the indoor shopping mall.
What’s interesting is that Victor Gruen, the man who came up with the concept, thought they would check sprawl because they’d serve as hubs around which communities would be built. He envisioned them as more than a collection of stores, with libraries and community centers.
According to the article, the popularity of indoor malls peaked in 1990 (the first one opened in 1956). There’s hasn’t been a new one opened since 2006.
Vermont has a few indoor malls. According to the Chamber of Commerce, the largest is University Mall in S. Burlington.